Compostela Valley is classified as a first class province with an actual income of P697,328,056 in 2006. Agriculture is the major economy of the province with about 30.70 percent of its land area devoted to agricultural activities.
The major crops are rice, corn, vegetables, and root crops. The industrial crops include coconut, coffee, banana and minor crops that include abaca, cacao, and fruits. It has a robust livestock and poultry industry mostly cattle, carabao, hogs, chicken, goat, turkey, geese, and ducks.
The coastal municipalities of Maco, Mabini, and Pantukan are the entres for a flourishing aquaculture and fisheries industries.
Compostela has a rich mineral resource base. Its chief mineral product is gold. Also found in huge commercial quantity are copper, silver, silica, chromite, and sand and gravel.
District 1 Municipalities
District 2 Municipalities
The four gold-producing areas are Diwalwal in Monkayo municipality; Biasong, Diat, District Lumanggang, Boringot, and Panganason in Pantukan municipality, Bango, Pulangbato in Compostela, and Mount De Oro in Maco.
At least 12 banks are operating throughout the province: One Network Bank, Land Bank of Nabunturan, TRU-Bank (Rural Bank of Tagum), Rural Bank of Nabunturan, Rural Bank of Compostela, Green Bank, Rural Bank of Mabini, Rural Bank of Mawab, Rural Bank of Montevista, Tagum Cooperative, Inc., Nabunturan Integrated Cooperative, and King Development Cooperative, Inc.
The province has 24 lending institutions, 18 pawnshops, and 4 insurance services. It has major communication systems including internet facilities. Power is supplied by Davao del Norte Electric Cooperative (DANECO). It maintains a network of road and bridge infrastructures and abundant water supply.