Demography

Demographyof compostela Valley

POPULATION SIZE, DISTRIBUTION, AND GROWTH RATE

Based on the 2015 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Compostela Valley posted a total population of 736,107 persons. This is larger by 48,912 persons when compared to total population of 687,195 in 2010 CPH. The increase in population count from 2010 to 2015 indicates an Annual Population

Growth Rate (APGR) of 1.38 percent. This is slower by 0.33 percent of the APGR between 2000 and 2010 intercensal period. If the 1.38 percent APGR of the province will continue, its total population will double in the year 2065 or a doubling time of 50 years.

The 2015 CPH showed that among component municipalities, Monkayo has the largest total populations of 94,908 constituting 12.89 percent to the provincial total. The consistent position of the municipality at the top in terms of population size since in the 80’s was attributed to the gold mining industry of the area, particularly at Mt. Diwata, popularly known as Mt. Diwalwal, which is one of the barangays of the municipality that has large deposit of gold ore.

The next largest municipality in terms of population based on the 2015 CPH was Compostela with 11.88 percent of the province’s populations, followed by Pantukan with 11.67 percent, and Nabunturan with 11.17 percent. Mawab, on the other hand, registered with the least population size at 5.03 percent share to the provincial total.

Figure 1 below shows that the Annual Population Growth Rate (APGR) of the province based on the four censuses conducted in 1990 to 2015 is decreasing from 2.21 percent in 1990-2000 intercensal periods to 1.32 percent in 2010-2015 intercensal periods. This means that from about 2 persons annual increase for every 100 populations from year 1990 towards year 2000, it decreased to about 1 person annual increase for every 100 populations from year 2010 towards year 2015.

Figure 1. Annual Population Growth Rate: Compostela Valley Province (Based on the 1990,2000,2010,and 2015 Census)

graph-annual-population copy

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION

Among the total household population of the province in 2015 census, 73.14 percent or about 538, 397 persons reported Roman Catholic as their religious affiliation. The proportion slightly reduced as compared to 73.5 percent in 2010 census. The next religious affiliation which has largest membership was the Evangelicals or the Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches with 8.29 percent.

  • Roman Catholic, including Catholic Charismatic
  • Evangelicals (Phil. Council of Evangelical Churches)
  • Other Religious Affiliations
  • Iglesia ni Cristo
  • Islam
  • Seventh Day Adventist
  • International One Way Outreach
  • United Pentecostal Church (Philippines) , Incorporated
  • Jehovah’s Witness
  • National Council of Churches in the Philippines
  • Bible Baptist Church
  • Faith Tabernacle Church (Living Rock Ministries)
  • Church of Christ
  • United Church of Christ in the Philippines
  • Philippine Independent Catholic Church
  • Aglipay
  • Other Protestants
  • Association of Fundamental Baptist Churches in the Phil.
  • Other Baptists
  • Iglesia sa Dios Espiritu Santo , Incorporated
  • Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints
  • Missionary Baptist Churches of the Philippines
  • Victory Chapel Christian Fellowship
  • Philippine Grace Gospel
  • Tribal Religions
  • Evangelical Christian Outreach Foundation
  • Not Reported
  • Iglesia Evangelica Unida de Cristo
  • Union Espiritista Cristiana de Filipinas , Incorporated
  • Things to Come
  • Philippine Ecumenical Christian Church
  • Jesus is Lord Church
  • Others (not specified)

ETHNICITY/COMMON LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

(Note: No data on “ethnicity” available in the 2015 CPH release)

“Cebuano” or “binisaya” is commonly spoken by around 31 percent of the province’s populace.   Others speak boholano, hiligaynon/ilongo, Tagalog and native dialect of mansaka and mandaya. Of the household population in Compostela Valley, 31.7 percent reported Cebuano as their ethnicity. This means that 3 in every 10 persons in Compostela Valley are Cebuanos. Other enthnic groups are Bisaya/Binisaya (19.7%), Boholano (14.8%), Mansaka (6.8%), Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (6.1%), Mandaya (5.8%), Dibabawon (2.4%), Waray (2.2%), Ilocano (1.8%), Davaweño (1.5%), and others.

  • Cebuano
  • Bisaya/Binisaya
  • Boholano
  • Mansaka
  • Hiligaynon,Ilonggo
  • Mandaya
  • Dibabawon
  • Waray
  • Ilocano
  • Davaweño
  • Kalagan
  • Surigaonon
  • Other Local Ethnicity
  • Maranao
  • Tausug
  • Manobo
  • Tagalog
  • Zambageño-Chavacano
  • Davao-Chavacano
  • Bagobo-Tagabawa
  • Bikol/Bicol
  • Karulano
  • Mangguangan
  • Lahitanen
  • Sama/Samal
  • B’laan/Blaan
  • Sama/Bangigi
  • Maguindanao
  • Ata-Manobo
  • Cagayanen
  • Kamiguin
  • Tagakauolo
  • Masbateño
  • Akeanon
  • Higaonon
  • Bangon
  • Chinese
  • Yakan
  • Other Foreign Language
  • Subanen/Subanon
  • Kapampangan
  • Bukidnon
  • Pangasinan
  • Ata
  • Caviteño-Chavacano
  • Bontok
  • Matigsalog
  • Agutaynen
  • Cotabateño
  • Gubatnon
  • Bagobo-Tagabawa
  • Ifugao
  • T’boli/
  • Aromanen
  • Ubo-Manobo
  • Caviteño
  • Teduray
  • Mamanwa
  • Diangan
  • Cotabateño- Chavacano
  • Manubo-Ubo
  • Batangan
  • Aeta
  • Banao
  • Batak
  • Baliwon
  • Romblomanon
  • Belwang
  • Ati
  • Zambal
  • Dibaben
  • Batoanon
  • Capizeño
  • Agta-Cimaron
  • Bajao
  • Ibatan
  • Manobo-Dulangan
  • Bugkalot
  • Agta
  • Ibaloi
  • Tagabawa
  • Manobo-Blit
  • Banwaon
  • Ata/Negrito
  • Halawodnon
  • Ilaud
  • Isinai
  • Sangil
  • Palawani
  • Dibabeen
  • Ibanag
  • Itneg
  • Kalinga
  • Karulano
  • Pala’wan
  • Iranon
  • Dumagat
  • Balatok
  • Tau-Buid0
  • Abelling
  • Dumagat
  • Guiangan
  • Molbog
  • Binongan
  • Talaandig
  • Buhid
  • Malueg
  • Masadiit
  • Yapayao
  • Adasen
  • Magahats
  • Tinananen
  • Cuyonon
  • Clata
  • Ivatan
  • Iwak
  • Mag-indi
  • Tagbanua
  • (Kalamianen)
  • Hanunuo
  • Ilianen
  • Kalibugan
  • Magkunana
  • Alangan
  • Kadaklan
  • Talaingod
  • Yogad
  • American/English
  • Kailawan
  • Tigwahanon
  • Sibuyan Mangyan
  • Agta-Tagboy
  • Ambala
  • Calinga
  • Eskaya
  • Karay-a
  • Ratagnon
  • Tagbanua
  • Badjao
  • Iraya
  • Isoroken
  • Mag-anti
  • Majokayong
  • Parananum
  • Itawis
  • Kalanguya
  • Panay-Bukidnon
  • Sama Badajo
  • Agta-Tabangnon
  • Gaddang
  • Kirenteken
  • Direrayaan
  • Langilan
  • Tadyawan
  • Lambangian
  • Balangao
  • Buhid-(Bangon)
  • Dumagat/Alta
  • Gubang
  • Henanga
  • Jaman Mapun
  • Kalanguya-Ikalahan
  • Ke’ney
  • Lambangian
  • Pulangien
  • Magbekin
  • Sama Laut

Tuwali

CITIZENSHIP

(Note: No data on “ethnicity” available in the 2015 CPH release)

“Cebuano” or “binisaya” is commonly spoken by around 31 percent of the province’s populace.   Others speak boholano, hiligaynon/ilongo, Tagalog and native dialect of mansaka and mandaya. Of the household population in Compostela Valley, 31.7 percent reported Cebuano as their ethnicity. This means that 3 in every 10 persons in Compostela Valley are Cebuanos. Other enthnic groups are Bisaya/Binisaya (19.7%), Boholano (14.8%), Mansaka (6.8%), Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (6.1%), Mandaya (5.8%), Dibabawon (2.4%), Waray (2.2%), Ilocano (1.8%), Davaweño (1.5%), and others.

  • Filipino
  • American
  • Indian
  • Australian
  • Chinese
  • Others
  • France
  • Angola
  • Bosnian and Herzegovin
  • Congonian
  • Denmark
  • Germanian
  • Nigerian
  • Arabian
  • Australian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Afghanistanian
  • Israelite
  • Algerian
  • Bahranian
  • Canadian
  • Kiribati
  • Norwaynian
  • Swedenian
  • Turkey
  • Indonesian
  • Singaporean

HOUSEHOLD POPULATIONS, NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLD AND HOUSEHOLD SIZE

The number of households in 2015 was recorded at 169,477 higher by 16,656 households compared with the 151,821 households posted in 2010 CPH. The average household size in 2015 was 4.3 persons, slightly smaller than the 2010 average size of 4.5 persons per household.

 

Of the 11 component municipalities of the province, Monkayo has the largest number of households at 21,451, followed by Pantukan, Maco and Compostela that ranked second, third and fourth, respectively. Mawab, on the other hand, has the least number of households at 8,334.

 

POPULATION DENSITY

The population density of the province based on the 2015 Census of Population and Housing (2015 CPH) was registered at 161 persons per square kilometers, which is 10-count higher than the 2010 figure of 151 persons. Compostela and Nabunturan are the most densely populated municipalities as they have the highest density of both 305 persons per square kilometers, more than three-folds higher than the provincial average, followed by Mawab and Maco with 272 and 237 persons per square kilometers, respectively. Nevertheless, Monkayo, the most populous municipality has a population density only of 156 persons per square kilometers which is lower by 5 counts than the provincial average.

URBANIZATION

The level of urbanization of the province based on the 2015 CPH was 38.65 percent higher than the 2010 and 2000 urbanity levels. This means that about 39 percent or 284,498 persons of the 736,107 total populations in the province (2015 CPH) are living in the barangays classified as urban, while about 61 percent or 451,609 persons are residing in the barangays classified as rural.

 

Two (2) of the eleven (11) municipalities of the province, namely Pantukan and Compostela surpassed the 50 percent level of urbanization. Nevertheless in addition to the earlier mentioned municipalities, New Bataan, Monkayo, Mabini and Nabunturan have urbanity levels higher than the provincial average. The table also shows that the urbanization level of the province is increasing, which means that the shift of provincial populace from rural to urban areas is increasing maybe because of an observed  more economic opportunities and the presence and convenient access to social services in the central areas of the municipalities.

 

Out of the 237 regular barangays of the province, there are 29 barangays considered as urban based on the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)’s definition of urban barangays. Out of the 29 urban barangays, 18 are classified under Category 1- barangays with more than 5,000 population count, while 11 baramgays are classified under Category 3 – barangays identified as poblacions or barangays with 5 ore more establishments / 5 or more facilities within 2-kilometer radius from barangay hall

 

On the rate of change brought out by the urbanization of the province or the tempo of urbanization of the province, Tabe 13 below shows that its level is 2.06 percent (based on the 2000 & 2015 CPHs). This is an indicator to express the speed at which the province is moving toward an urban classification. This further means that the annual rate of increase in urban population of the province from year 2000 to year 2015 was 2.06 percent (2000-2015 CPHs).

 

Of the 11 municipalities of the province, 5 municipalities namely Mabini, Maco, Compostela, and Maragusan have tempo of urbanization levels above the provincial average (Table 7). This means that the urbanization rates of these municipalities are faster than the urbanization rate of the whole province.

 

On the other hand, Nabunturan, the provincial capital has the rate of urbanization (2.04 percent) which is slightly lower than the provincial average. This means that the municipality’s speed of change from rural toward the area of classification as urban is comparable with the pace how the province will move towards urbanization.

SEX COMPOSITION AND AGE STRUCTURE

Of the 734,402 household populations in 2015, males accounted for 52.42 percent while females comprised 47.58 percent.  This means that for every 100 household populations of the province, around 52 are males and 48 are females, which further translated to a sex ratio of 110 males for 100 females (110 males:100 females). Among the component 11 municipalities of the province, Pantukan has the largest male-female ratio of 115 males for every 100 females, higher by 5 male individuals than the provincial average. While Compostela and Mawab have the least male-female ratio recorded at 107 males to 100 females (Table 14). The 2015 CPH showed that around 34 out of 100 persons or 33.64% are below 15 years old. Children aged 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years (11.35 percent and 11.36 percent, resepectively) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age group 10 to 14 years (10.92 percent) and 15-19 years (10.03 persent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 69 years, while females outnumbered males in the age group 70 years and over.  This implies that females live longers than males (Table 15). Moreover, a population pyramid below (Figure 3) which is also called an age pyramid or age picture is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups of the population of the province. The tool can be used to visualize sex and age composition of a particular population in the area. Thus, Figure 3 shows the larger bottom than top portion of the pyramid which means that the old generations are producing larger new generations. The chart further shows that the larger percentage of the population of the province is in the reproductive years or has not even reached reproductive age.

Median Age

Based on 2015 CPH, the median age of the population of the province was 23.4 years, which means that half of the total population of the province in 2015 was younger and older than 23.4 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.0 years during 2000 CPH but a year older than the 2010 CPH median age of 22.4 years (Figure 4).

Voting-Age Population

Based on the 2015 CPH, a total of 443,269 individuals or 60.2 percent of the total population were recorded under voting-age population (18 years old and over) of which 234,842 were males and 208,427 were females. The number was 8,251 persons or 1.8 percent lesser than the 451,520 voting-aged individuals registered in 2010 CPH (Table 16).  Among the 11 municipalities of the province, Monkayo registered with the largest number of voting-age populations at 55,784 persons, followed by Nabunturan at 51,793 persons and Compostela at 51,730 persons. Mawab, on the other hand, recorded with the least number of voting-age populations at 23,205 persons (Figure 5).

 

 

DEPENDENCY RATIO

The dependency ratio is the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the economically active or working ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population. Considering the 2015 CPH, the overall dependency ratio of Compostela Valley was 61 percent or 61 dependents for every 100 persons in the working age group, which is downed from 62 dependents in 2010. Of the 61 dependents, 54 were young dependents while 7 were old dependents (Table 17).

MARITAL STATUS

The household population 10 years old and over based on the 2015 CPH totaled to 568,909 individuals. Out of this number, 40.60 percent were married while 42.35 percent were never married. The rest of populations were categorized as follows: common-law/live-in marital arrangement, 11.70 percent; widowed, 4.00% percent; and divorced/separated, 1.16 percent (Table 18).

POPULATION PROJECTION

Based on the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)’s computation and standard, it is projected that Compostela Valley will have a total population of 795,854 in year 2020, 861,543 in 2025 and 932,653 in

20130. Among 11 municipalities, Compostela will have the largest population count of in years 2020, 2025 and 2030. On the contrary, Mawab will have the least population counts during the periods

LITERACY RATE

In 2015 Census of Population and Housing, Compostela Valley registered with 556,839 literate and 10,411 illiterate persons. This placed a literacy rate of 98.16 percent, which is by 9.52 percentage points higher than the 2000 literacy rate of the province, 88.64 percent. Among literate individuals, 292,853 were males and 263,986 were females, showing the male and female rates of 98.10 percent and 98.23 percent, respectively. Table 20 below shows that the municipality of Nabunturan recorded with the highest literacy rate, consistently highest both in male and female literacy rate while municipality of Laak got the lowest literacy rate, both male and female literacy rate (Table 20).

Educational Attainment

Of the household population aged 5 years old and over, large number of them at 43.05 percent had attended elementary level of education, 36.26 percent were high school level, 7.07 percent were college undergraduates, 5.40 percent were college degree holders, and 0.07 percent were able to pursue post baccalaureate studies. Moreover, the 2015 CPH showed that there are about 2.91 percent of the houlsehold population aged 5 years old and over that had no grade completed, and about 3.17 percent were completed preschool (Table 21).

LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT

Employment rate of Compostela Valley as shown in Table 22 increased from 93.1 percent in 2014 to 94.1 percent in 2015 but slid back to 93.1 percent in 2016. This indicates that the movement of the rate of employed persons over the total number of persons in the labor force of the given years is unstable. The Table 22 below shows that in 2016 there were 299,762 persons employed in Compostela Valley, which is higher by 9.72 percent and 14.84 percent compared to 2015 and 2014 figures, respectivel y. Though the number of employed persons during the last three years was but the employment rate showed a fluctuating trends. This was because the rate of increase in number of persons in the labor force is faster than the rate of increase in number of persons employed, and the province has fewer jobs available than the number ofpersons seeking for work (according to local experts). On the other hand, the unemployment rates fromyears 2014 to 2016 had exhibited figures higher than the natural rate of unemployment (between 4.5percent to 5.0 percent according to Federal Reserve) but as expressed by Philippine economists, a single digit unemployment rate is still desirable since having zero in rate is theoretically possible considering various factors affecting the rise and fall of the employment and unemployment rates globally.

Several factors can be considered affecting the increase in unemployment rate of the province.Number one factor which is also globally renowned is the advances in technology such that morecompanies and industries need not hire more workers but employ machines, computers and other digitalequipment. Another factor that can be associated to increase number of unemployed persons in theprovince is the mismatched-education where more graduates of various courses did not fit the expertiserequired by the local industries, or the job opportunities for them are very minimal in the local. Morestudents opted to study short-term courses ranging from 6 months to two years, which are usually offeredby the technical/tertiary schools because of financial constraints and for the purpose of landing a job immediately, however no enough number of firms or large scale industries in the province that can provide them jobs (according to local experts, since no concrete data on this matter was obtained).

Nevertheless, the 2015 data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) showed that of the 486, 886 household population aged 15 years and over  in the province, 273,974 were engaged in gainful activities during the last 12 months preceding the census (August 1,  2015) of which male persons dominated the number at 75.88 percent while female persons cons tituted onl y24.12 percent (Table 23).  Of the eleven munici palities  Monkayo registered with the largest number of gainful workers at 35,467,  followed by Nabunturan with 32, 300 and Compostela with 32, 135 (Table 24).

In terms of major occupation group, workers engaged in elementary occupations comprised the largest group totaled 83,721 or 30.6 percent of the total gainfully active persons.  Skilled agricultural,  forestry,  and fishery workers came in next with 76,624 persons or around 28 percent,  followed by Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers with 34,941 persons or 12.8 percent (Figure 6).  Persons engaged in elementary occupations are those laborers and unskilled workers,  while in skilled agricultural,  forestry and fishery group are those farmers, forestry workers and fishermen.

Furthermore, the Table 23 above suggests that majority of the working population of the province are laborers and unskilled workers receiving minimal pay, thus means low family income which resulting to low capacity of families to access to quality basic social services. Also the table shows visibly gender inequality in terms of access to productive activities or economic opportunities as women constituted only about one-fourth of the total number of populations engaged in gainful activities (Table 23 and Table 24).

Given the scenario above in terms of employment opportunities in the province, the provincial government should consider policy measures that will enhance its local economic condition and create investment-friendly environment that would encourage entry of various investors and give flourishing jobs of the province’s labor force.

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