Rich marine coral reef ecosystem

The Mabini Protected Landscape and Seascape’s has 53.40% live coral cover in “good condition”. Of the 72 known genera of scleractinian or “stony” corals identified in the Philippines, about 46 of them can be found in the seascape. About 110 genera of scleractinian corals have been identified worldwide.

Scleractinia, also called stony corals, are marine corals that generate a hard skeleton. They first appeared in the Middle Triassic and descended from the tabulate and rugose corals that barely survived the end of the Permian. Much of the framework of modern coral reefs is formed by Scleractinians. A species of the rare barramundi or Asian sea bass has been sighted in the seascape.

(Source: Department Of Environment And Natural Resources Protected Areas, Wildlife And Coastal Zone Management Service Coastal And Marine Management Division Region XI)

Rafflesia mira

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List (2002) includes l4 endangered or threatened species within the Mt. Kampalili area.

Maragusan’s Rafflesia mira was the fourth rafflesia species identified in the Philippines. An R. mira in bloom measures 45-60 cm in diameter.

Eleven (11) of this species have been recorded in the foothills of Mt. Candalaga that ring the rich fertile valley of this highland town. Most prominent is the site in Mapawa, 7 kilometers from Poblacion. Rafflesia watch is between October and March when the parasitic plant starts to bud and bloom. Maragusan is 53 kilometres from the provincial capital Nabunturan.


Mainit Sulfuric Waterfall Hotspring

Mainit Hot Spring Waterfall

Mainit Hot Spring in Mainit, Maco is located 22.5 kms. North of Tagum City via the municipality of Mawab and half a kilometre from Masara Mines. The dominant population is Mansaka.

The sulphuric hotspring and its perimeter are surrounded on three sides by forested slopes from where the spring cascades into a hot waterfall. Hot ulphuric water cascades on ledges from vents on the hillsides to form waterfalls. Visits are allowed year-round.

Amakan crater, New Leyte, Maco

Amakan crater nestles on a small cusp of the hill of Amakan in New Leyte, municipality of Maco and seven kilometers from Lake Leonard. It is a two- to three- kilometer trek along the old mining road of the closed North Davao Mining Company (NDMC) or an hour and thirty-minute climb through dense forests and thick foliage uphill.   The crater is an eight-hectare lazily boiling cauldron of greenish-yellow murk. The mountain walls around the crater sigh with smoking vents that emit an odour of decaying eggs. On cold or rainy mornings, mist shrouds the hills. The easier trip by road involves scaling shallow ledges that are in fact part of an abandoned winding mining road, the crater is less than a 20-minute walk.

The crater is an eight-hectare lazily boiling cauldron of greenish-yellow murk. The mountain walls around the crater sigh with smoking vents that emit an odour of decaying eggs and pockmarked with sulfur.


Tagbibenta Falls

Tagbibinta falls

Tagbibinta falls

Located in Brgy. Coronobe, five kilometres and a 15-minute ride east of the town centre, it is accessible to 4-wheeled vehicles. The falls composes 13 cascades. The last cascade plunges at 70 feet into a narrow pool at the base. The site is partially developed, with a swimming pool, cottages-for-rent, clean toilet, and picnic ground. It is managed by a cluster of purok groups.

Malumagpak Falls, Brgy. Manurigao, New Bataan

The falls is 155 metres high and cascades on three ledges to a shallow pool below. The adventure begins with a seven-kilometre motorcycle ride from poblacion to Sitio Taytayan and from there, a 21-km hike to host Mandaya village Manurigao. New Bataan is 41 kms from Nabunturan and 74 kms from Tagum City.

Batinag Falls of Tagnocon, Nabunturan

Batinag Falls is located in Purok 5, barangay Tagnocon and is a two-hour trek or 1-2 kms from the village centre.


To reach the site, follow an old logging road, the snaking foot trail that breaks away from the road, and follow the river to reach the upstream source. Along the way, the visitor will have to cross 13 points of the meandering river.

The falls is approximately 40 feet high. Its water cascades into a waist-high deep pool that measures about 32 X 28 feet; A blocked cave is found on the left side about 5 feet from the edge of the pool.

More than 10 highland springs supply the water of the falls that flows downstream to form the Batinag stream. The stream joins Inupoan stream and converges as a tributary of Manat river.

Marangig Falls, Brgy. New Albay, Maragusan

Marangig is found in Brgy. New Albay. The falls is composed of 24 series of waterfalls. The 13th falls is the longest with a 100-foot descent.  It is the jump-off point of the annual Mt. Candalaga climb.

According to tribal folklore, Marangig’s 24 waterfalls is the route of a mythical golden boat carrying encantos and diwatas that collect cacao to be sold to other places. On arriving at their destination, the encantos and diwatas transform into humans. The folklore says that when the water current is strong, a signal could be heard of the Golden Boat preparing to sail. Golden plates then appear and flow with the waters.

To get there, and after arriving in Maragusan, the visitor may take a van or a motorcycle-for-hire to bring him/ her to Brgy. New Albay. Travel time by van to the barangay centre is about 30 minutes.  It will take another 15-minute trek from the village dumpsite to reach the site.

Visitors need to wear hardy shoes and light clothing with replacements. They need to bring  bottled water and insect repellents, wear hardy rubber shoes and enough food. Tents are advisable. Respect local culture.

Seven Waterfalls of Awao, Monkayo

Awao Falls is nestled among the hills of the farming village of Awao and accessible through a system of trails with sweeping mountain vistas.

Its waters remain almost crystal-clear even after a donpour.

There are two routes to Awao village—via San Jose village from Monkayo or through Sta. Josefa town in Agusan del Sur. The Monkayo-San Jose route is shorter but more difficult, so the less adventurous take the Sta. Josefa route. The two Awao falls are fed by another cataract further uphill. A third waterfall is believed to exist which feeds water to the two, but it is yet to be found.

The falls are estimated to be at least 20 meters in height, although no official measurement is known to have ever been conducted.

Falls 1 is the more picturesque because of its curtain-like appearance, with multiple drops on the side of a rock cliff providing a postcard-like tableau. Visitors can take a shower from the white foam cascading down the cliff or take a dip at Falls 2 further downriver.

The second waterfall is reached after trekking through a shallow river with protruding rocks and a 25-minute sweat-drenching and butt-aching ascent on a steep hill, with only thickets and stumps and roots of trees to grab on to. Comprising a series of cataracts measuring more than a hundred feet high, Falls 2 drops into a lagoon ideal for swimming and bathing. (Source: Frinston Lim@inquirerdotnet)

Tadia Falls, New Bataan

Tadya Falls is only seven kilometers away from Bantacan to Poblacion Compostela and 6- kilometers away from Bantacan to Poblacion New Bataan. The name “tadya” was coined from Mandaya term which means tadyaw or banga (jar) due to its jar-like geographical feature with giant boulders lying along with the gushing river. Tadya falls is a 4-tiered falls with 4 cold spring water sources and a river from Pagsabangan area.  It covers approximately 50 hectares of ancestral domain area.  The falls is specifically located at Purok 5E, Sitio Tadya, Barangay Bantacan, Municipality of New Bataan.

P’yalitan Falls, Maragusan

It is located northeast of Brgy. Mapawa, seven kilometres from poblacion. It is undeveloped. The falls is reachable after an hour trek by way of Brgy. Coronobe. The falls is composed of nine tiers and drops 120 feet into a six-foot deep pool.

Miyaya Falls, Maragusan

 This 100-foot waterfall is found in Sitio Dapongpong, five kilometres northeast of Brgy. Mapawa. Mapawa is seven kilometres from the poblacion.

To reach the place, the visitor must take a five-minute motorcycle ride from the barangay centre to the access trail and another 40-minute hike to reach the falls.

Salvosa Falls, Pantukan

The native name of the falls has been lost through time.  At the present day, the falls was named after Fr. Jose Marie Salvosa, parish priest, who served the area more than a decade ago.

The falls lies at the foot of Mt. Maitum and is flanked by towering rock walls and thick forest and vegetation. It  is within the Philippine Eagle Sanctuary and is a municipal-declared protected area. Two other falls above are fed by the convergence of Sumlog River and Pulang Sapa whose water cascades down to form the 20-metre Salvosa falls that drops into an approximately 10- square metre deep pool below. The host sitio named Radio Room is 2.4 kilometres from the centre of Araibo and home to 40 households. The sitio was originally the site of the radio transmission centre of the then Davao Timber Company. The name stuck, thus it is now called Radio Room. Salvosa Falls is a 1.1- kilometer walk along the old DaTiCom logging road.